Oral history collection
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Oral history collection

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Auburn Avenue Research Library
Creator: General Mills-Kroger oral history collection for the Friends of the Auburn Avenue Research Library.
Title: Oral history collection
Dates: 1994-1999
Quantity: 6.0 audiocassette tapes
Quantity: VHS cassette
Abstract:The collection consists of videotapes and cassette tapes of the General Mills-Kroger oral history collection for the Friends of the Auburn Avenue Research Library from 1994-ongoing. The collection contains interviews with a variety of individuals including African American businessmen and women, journalists, educators, librarians, community and civil rights activists. The materials document civil rights activities in Atlanta (Ga.), businesses in the Sweet Auburn District of Atlanta, the Atlanta Daily World, and athletics. Of particular interest are a series of interviews with several Tuskegee Airmen who discuss their training in the Air Force, experiences during World War II, and military aircraft.
Identification: aarl94-004

Biographical/Historical Note

The General Mills-Kroger oral history collection for the Friends of the Auburn Avenue Research Library began in 1994. The project aims to enhance and make available oral histories of individuals, organizations, cultural institutions, and communities relating to African Americans in the city of Atlanta, the state of Georgia, and the Southeastern Region.


Scope and Content Note

The General Mills-Kroger Oral History Collection completed by the Friends of the Auburn Avenue Research Library began in 1994. The purpose of the collection is to collect and make available for research and study the historical and personal recollections of Atlanta's Black cultural organizations, individuals, institutions and communities.

Two years of documentation have gone into the General Mills-Kroger Oral History Collection consisting of oral interviews with 54 Black Atlantans. While the history of prominent local African-Americans and events - Martin Luther King, Jr., Sweet Auburn Avenue story, civil rights movement - are well documented, a panoramic view of Black Atlanta's political, educational, and social development has not been told. Documented are the oral reminiscences of individuals who have made significant contributions to Atlanta, the State of Georgia and the nation. Featured in the collection are the oral histories of Mrs. Henrietta Phillips Antoinin, Mr. T. M. Alexander, Mrs. Freddye S. Henderson, Mr. B.B. Beamon, Mrs. Dorothy Bolden Thompson, Mr. Donald Hollowell, Mrs. Lucile McAllister Scott, Mr. Lo Jelks, Mrs. Annie L. McPheeters, Dr. Horace Tate, Mrs. Clara Stanley Lowe, Col. Charles W. Dryden, and many others.

The Oral History Project was funded by a grant from General Mills, Inc. and the Kroger Company to the Auburn Avenue Advisory Committee of the Board of Trustees of the Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System. The Auburn Avenue Advisory Committee secured the assistance of the Friends of the Auburn Avenue Research Library to coordinate the project.

Technical support was provided by Ms. Althea Brown, president and owner of Atlanta-based Video Visions Entertainment.


Index Terms

African American athletes--Georgia.
African American businesspeople--Georgia.
African American journalists--Georgia.
African American librarians--Georgia.
African American soldiers--Georgia.
African American teachers--Georgia.
Atlanta (Ga.)
Auburn Avenue Neighborhood (Atlanta, Ga.)
Civil rights movements--Georgia.
Oral histories (document genre).
Sound recordings.
United States. Air Force. Fighter Group, 332nd.
World War, 1939-1945--African Americans.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

General Mills-Kroger oral history collection for the Friends of the Auburn Avenue Research Library. Archives Division, Auburn Avenue Research Library on African-American Culture and History, Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System.

Processing Information

Revised October 1996.


Restrictions

Restrictions on Use

There are no restrictions on research use of this collection.

Copyright Restrictions

Prior permission from the Research Library must be obtained in writing before any portion of this collection can be published or reproduced.


Container List

 

Cassette

1 A-EInterview with Jacob and Freddye Henderson (Length of video: 40 min.)
This video is quite informative of the accomplishments made by Jacob and Freddye Henderson, the founders of Henderson Travel Services.
The Hendersons, who were two of the first African-Americans to visit China, discuss several topics in the video. Early travels to Africa, racial prejudices and their relationships with Civil Rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., are a few of them.
Mrs. Henderson received her master's degree in fashion merchandising from New York University and her husband earned his graduate degree in economic development at Atlanta University. She says they decided to open a travel agency after receiving encouragement from Mary McCleod Bethune.
Although the Atlanta office shut down in 1990, their daughter Gaynell Henderson, currently operates the business in Washington, D.C.
 

Cassette

2 A-EInterview with George M. Coleman (Length of video: 58 min.)
In this video, George M. Coleman, a former Atlanta journalist, tells of his experiences with early black newspapers and other businesses in the area.
Coleman, who wrote for both the Atlanta Daily World and Atlanta Voice, shares articles, photographs and scrapbooks which extend back to the early 1950's.
A graduate of Lincoln University, he retired from the Atlanta Daily World in 1982.
 

Cassette

3 A-EInterview with Sophia B. Lovelace (Length of video: 60 min.)
In this video, Sophia B. Lovelace tells of her experiences on Auburn Avenue.
Lovelace, who worked as a receptionist on "Sweet Auburn" in the mid-1900's, discussed several issues which relate to the areas. Civil Rights leaders, neighborhood churches, as well as community organizations, are among the topics discussed.
Lovelace says "Sweet Auburn" began in 1930 and an expression was pinned shortly after its birth: "Sweet Auburn Avenue, two miles long, six feet wide, Atlanta's street of pride."
 

Cassette

4 A-BInterview with B.B. Beamon (Length of video: 49 min.)
In this video, former nightclub owner and celebrity promoter B.B. Beamon, explains his role in Atlanta's black entertainment industry.
Beamon, who is probably most famous for his management of the Royal Peacock, a popular nightclub located on Auburn Avenue, tells of the problems and accomplishments faced, prior to becoming successful.
He also mentions his tactics used to recruit entertainers at the Royal Peacock. Some of the shows included performances by Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Nat King Cole and Cab Calloway, to name a few.
Beamon also discusses his family, his attempt to enter Morehouse College and his success in maintaining a restaurant on Auburn Avenue for nine years.
 

Cassette

5Interview with Tuskegee Airmen - Al Johnson, Charles Dryden, George Prather and Horace Bohannon. Reels 11 & 12 (Length of video: 55 mins.)
Four men who served in the armed services at Tuskegee, Alabama during World War II are interviewed. The interviews take place at the same location in 1994. The topics of discussion include their training in the Air Force; how they came to Tuskegee; and their experiences during the World War II years, 1941-1946.
 

Cassette

6Interview with Tuskegee Airmen. Reels 13 & 14 (Length of video: 57 mins.)
This video is in 2 parts. The first part involves interviews with 3 individuals: Huey E. Charlton, Hiram Little, and Norris Connally, each of whom performed tasks in the armed services other than flying airplanes. They discuss their experiences at Tuskegee and in the military in general.
The second part of the video is a group discussion which takes place in someone's living room. Members of the group are Hiram Little; Charles Dryden; George Prather; Norris L. Connally; Horace Bohannon; and a female, Valjean Taylor Grisby. Valjean Taylor served as a physical therapist at several military bases, including Tuskegee, and was an officer in the Air Force, 1944-1947. Each of the persons recalls experiences at Tuskegee and in the armed services in general.
The picture quality on this video is spotty at the beginning and at the end.
 

Cassette

7Interview with Tuskegee Airmen. Reels 15 & 16 (Length of video: 43 mins.)
Group discussion with members of the Tuskegee Airmen continues from Reels 13 & 14. Featured on this videotape are : Charles Dryden; George Prather; Valjean Grisby; and Willis J. Hubert. Discussion centers around the different types of airplanes; social life in the armed services in the 1940's; and memorable experiences, both good and bad. Mr. Hubert, a retired Lt. Colonel, is interviewed separately in this video as well as being a part of the group discussion. Mrs. Grisby recalls her experiences as a nurse and discrimination in the South. All participants are asked what advice they would give to youth, and all of them stress getting an education.
 

Cassette

8 A-BInterview with Mr. C.A. Scott, Aug. 13, 1994 (Length of video: 56 mins.)
Interview took place in Mr. Scott's office on Aug. 13, 1994. Interviewer: unknown male.
Mr. C.A. Scott currently is the editor of the Atlanta Daily World newspaper, the oldest Black daily paper in the U.S. He was born Nov. 8, 1908 in Mississippi and came to Atlanta in 1925. He and his brother, W.A. Scott, II, started the Atlanta Daily World in 1928 on Auburn Avenue. Mr. Scott recalls being in the printing business all of his life. His 5 brothers and 3 sisters were also in printing. Mr. Scott helped organize the National Negro Newspaper Association and World newspapers throughout the South. He discusses his views on politics; Auburn Avenue through the years; his family; and recounts events that the newspaper was instrumental in helping to shape.
At the end of the video, pictures of the Scott family, former U.S. presidents, awards, plaques, and certificates are spotlighted.
 

Cassette

9 A-BRalph A. Long Sr. (Educator); Carolyn Long Banks (Civil Rights Activist); Wylma Long Blanding (Civil Rights Activist)
 

Cassette

10 A-BDorothy Clements (Entrepreneur/Owner of The Rib Shack)
 

Cassette

11 A-BRoswell O. Sutton (Citizen's Trust); Henrietta Phillips-Antoinin (Vice President-Corporate Affairs with Atlanta Life Insurance Company)
 

Cassette

12 A-BHenrietta Phillips-Antoinin (Vice President-Corporate Affairs of Atlanta Life Insurance Company); Theodore M. Alexander (Insurance and Real Estate) ; Raymond Wainwright (Athletics) ; Carl Hubbard (Athletics)
 

Cassette

13 A-BDr. C.T. Vivian (Activist)
 

Cassette

14 A-BDr. C. T. Vivian (Activist); James and Robert Paschal (Entrepreneurs)
 

Cassette

15Lucile M. Scott ( Atlanta Daily World)
 

Cassette

16 A-BAnnie Lou Ware-Hendricks (Educator)
 

Cassette

17 A-BDonald Hollowell (Attorney)
 

Cassette

18 A-BRaymond Wainwright and Carl Hubbard (Athletics); Charles Bell (Real Estate and Golf Suit); Attorney R. Edwin Thomas (Golf Suit and Title Law)
 

Cassette

19 A-BDr. Samuel Nabrit (Biologist/Educator); Charles Bell (Real Estate and Golf Suit); Attorney R. Edwin Thomas (Golf Suit and Title Law)
 

Cassette

20 A-BWilliam L. Calloway (Real Estate); Fletcher Coombs (President Banker)
 

Cassette

21 A-DAnnie L. McPheeters (Librarian)
 

Cassette

22Paul E. X. Brown (Radio Announcer, Coca Cola Sales and Marketing)
 

Cassette

23Lavata Lightner (100-year-old)
 

Cassette

24Georgia Allen, William Fowlkes & Lo Jelks
 

Cassette

25Clara Lowe & Karen Webster & Margaret Washington Clifford
 

Cassette

26Harmon Perry & Carol Merritt
 

Cassette

27Xernona Clayton & Dorothy Lee Bolden (Thompson)
 

Cassette

28Jondell Johnson & Dr. Otis Smith
 

Cassette

29Horace T. Ward & Leroy Johnson
 

Cassette

30Horace Edward Tate & Lyndon Wade