Eugene V. Cooksey scrapbook on the Nation of Islam
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Eugene V. Cooksey scrapbook on the Nation of Islam

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Auburn Avenue Research Library
Creator: Cooksey, Eugene V.
Title: Eugene V. Cooksey scrapbook on the Nation of Islam
Dates: 1963-1965?
Quantity: 1.0 scrapbook (71 p.)
Abstract:The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings and photographs relating to the Nation of Islam from 1963 through 1965, as well as certificates for Eugene Cooksey from the same years from the Cooper Street School, psychiatric attendant nurse training, civil defense courses, Red Cross home nursing course, medical self-help training course, and International Correspondence Schools.
Identification: aarl91-003

Biographical/Historical Note

Black Muslims are members of a religious movement in the United States called the "Nation of Islam". From 1930 to 1975, the Nation of Islam accepted only blacks as members. They considered whites "devils" and supported the separation of blacks and whites. The movement combined some aspects of Islam with doctrines of black nationalism. In 1975, the movement turned toward traditional Sunni Islam and began accepting people regardless of ethnic background. Although the name "Black Muslims" is often used for members of this movement, the members reject this name.

The Nation of Islam was founded in Detroit in 1930 by W. D. Fard (or Wali Farad), a silk salesman. He taught his followers that their "true religion" was not Christianity, but Islam, the "religion of the black man" of Asia and Africa. Farad stressed "knowledge of self" as a requirement for achieving black liberation. He established Temple of Islam #1 in Detroit.

After Fard mysteriously disappeared in 1934, Fard's chief lieutenant, Elijah Muhammad (formerly Elijah Poole), became the movement's leader. In 1936, he established its headquarters at Temple #2 in Chicago. Muhammad claimed that Fard was Allah, and he was Allah's messenger. He continued Fard's teaching, which stressed three factors: (1) the need for blacks to establish a separate nation in the United States, (2) the need to recover an acceptable identity, and (3) the need for economic independence.

In the 1950's, Malcolm X was the most important spokesman for the Nation of Islam. He converted to the movement while in prison in 1947. The years from Malcolm's release from prison in 1952 to his assassination in 1965 marked the Nation's greatest growth and influence. Malcolm's keen mind and biting sarcasm attracted a diverse audience, including poor blacks and college students. He left the Nation of Islam in 1964 and converted to Sunny Islam.

After Elijah Muhammad died in 1975, one of his sons, Warith (formerly Wallace) Deen Muhammad, was chosen as the next leader. He rid the movement of its black nationalistic characteristics, announcing that whites were no longer "devils" and could join his movement. He also made many changes to lead his followers toward Sunni Islam. Since 1967, the movement's name has changed from Nation of Islam to the World Community of AI-Islam in the West to American Muslim Mission. Today, Warth Deen Muhammad's followers are simply known as Muslims. The movement has a decentralized structure of independent places of prayer called masjids.

In 1978, Louis Farrakhan led a group of discontented followers in resurrecting the Nation of Islam. The group, has continued the black separatist and nationalist teachings of Elijah Muhammad. Today, the term Black Muslims refers most appropriately to followers of Farrakhan's Nation of Islam.


Scope and Content Note

The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings and photographs relating to the Nation of Islam from 1963 through 1965, as well as certificates for Eugene Cooksey from the same years from the Cooper Street School, psychiatric attendant nurse training, civil defense courses, Red Cross home nursing course, medical self-help training course, and International Correspondence Schools.


Index Terms

African American nursing students--Georgia--Atlanta.
Black Muslims--United States.
Clippings (information artifacts)
Cooksey, Eugene V.
Elijah Muhammad, 1897-
Photographs.
Scrapbooks.
X, Malcolm, 1925-1965

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Item, Eugene V. Cooksey scrapbook on the Nation of Islam, Archives Division, Auburn Avenue Research Library on African American Culture and History, Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System.

Provenance

This collection was donated by James Hiram Malone in 1995.


Restrictions

Restrictions on Use

There are no restrictions on research use of this collection.

Copyright Restrictions

Prior permission from the Research Library must be obtained in writing before any portion of this collection can be published or reproduced.


Related Material

Eugene V. Cooksey Scrapbooks on Boxer Joe Louis


Container List

 

Box

1[Scrapbook], ca. 1963-1965

Page

3-5Picture of a Muslim guard's military drill; a view of Mecca building

Page

8-9100,000 Negroes Follow Muslims; Muslim Movement Started In Detroit; We Don't Hate Whites

Page

10-11Will Muslims Lead 20 Million Negroes?; Urban League Official Say "Black Muslims Have Failed Disastrously to Capture Support"; The Inexplicable Muslim Build-up; Muslims Kick Christians Out of The Sudan; Muslims Told To Show Records. Leaflet: Topics include: "Mr. Muhammad's Statement On The death of President J. F. K.; Malcolm X Is Chastised; Five Negro Federal Judges Appointed Under J. F. K.; Muhammad Denies Muslim split; Tribute To J. F. K. By a 9 Years Old Girl

Page

12-13The Women In Islam; The FATHI - A Muslim Prayer; Eugene Cooksey's Transcript of Record; Certificate: Awarded to Mr. Eugene Cooksey; Psychiatric Attendant Nurse Training, 1964. Four (4) Civil Defense Courses, 1964-1965; Red Cross Home Nursing Course - 1965. International Correspondence Schools, 1963; Medical Self Help Training Course, 1963; Picture of Elijah Muhammad and eldest son; (on back of picture Muslim women in official uniforms).. Newspaper clippings: Muslims Train To Defend Selves From Police Dogs; Intergration Against Laws of God, 1963-1965

Page

14-15Woman Opposed Muslim Massacre, Quits College Post; Dog Attack On Negro; Black Muslims In U. S.--What Role?

Page

17 EDITORIALS: Nancy Warder Takes Pat Alexander To Task; On Self-Help, Baptist Sound Like Muslims

Page

18-19Muslims Cry Murder At "Q"; Court Denies Complaint By Muslim Cons. COMMENTS: Nancy Warder Takes Pat Alexander To Task; 4,000 Gather For Muslim Parley Here - Crowd Told of Gains Made by Sect

Page

20-21Muslim Leader In Phoenix With Bronchitis Attack; FEATURES --"1963 Freedom-A Single Thought"; Sect Gets Blamed For Violence It Hasn't Committed; Black Muslim Feared, 1963

Page

22-23Finds Black Muslims Keep Morally Straight; Debate Muslim Claim "To Be Legitimate Religion"; Malcolm X In D. C. With Solution To Crime Rate

Page

24-25Malcolm X No. 2 Muslim, Says Black Man "Original"; Powell "Very Flexible, Race Waking Up; Malcolm X, "Muslim Belittles Lincoln Slave Edict

Page

26-27Black Muslim Speaks Out; The "Devil" Catches Hell When Black Muslims Meet; Ghances In Non-white Population Revamps U. S. Racial Situation

Page

28-29"Emancipation Proclamation", Abraham Lincoln; Protest Bias Against Muslims; Black Muslims Are Focusing On The Nation's Capital Now

Page

30-31 Leaflet: Mr. Muhammad Speaks; Newspaper clippings: Malcolm X Answers Jackie Robinson; Islam Youths Hear Plans for Junior College Addition

Page

32-33Negro Flyers OK For Moon Shot, Rejected As Airline Pilots; Automation Answer In Messenger Of Allah; Pakistan Muslim Blasts Press Slander Of Islam; How A New York Senator Sees Muslims, Rockefeller, Shelters

Page

34-35Picture of Muslims at a lecture; Muhammad Bars All Whites At Muslim Meetings... Black Muslim Chief Sues Flint

Page

36-45Nine (9) report cards of Mr. Eugene Cooksey, for various courses at Cooper Street School, from 1963-1965; The Muslim Women In Islam, 1963-1965

Page

46-49 The Best Of Dan Burley: "Just Two Little Words Could Solve the Whole Race Problem; Was Booker T. Washington Right After All?, May 18, 1963; How a Tan Customer Tricked Mr. Charley in Anti-You. Miss.' June 8, 1963. News Criticized In Tan Papers Called "Unprejudiced" In White; In My Opinion, High-Class Living Won't Make You First-Class Citizen; Stop Begging, We Are as Free as We're Ever Going to Be!; The "Welfare" Is Fine, Only You Have To Stand In Line!; Put Gold In Thy Purse Before Desegregation in Thy Mind!; In My Opinion, Better. Not Get Sick After Doctor's Office Hours, 1963

Page

50-51Muslim Member Clay Advocates World Peace; Leaflet: The Negro in Our Cities;

Page

52-53 Magazine: "African Opinion"; March To Washington and After--"Back to Africa"; Mission Report. Newsletter: "The Truth" By Eugene 5X

Page

54-55Picture of Mr. Muhammad and Wilfred X. "No Split in Muslims"; Prayer Service in. Islam

Page

56-59Malcolm Exposed By His Brother, Facts Told On Role of Malcolm; Devine Messenger Must Be Obeyed, All Roads Lead To Islam; Picture of The Honorable Elijah Muhammad and Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali

Page

60-61 FROM THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH: "1st Economic Program for Black America

Page

62-63 MAGAZINE, AFRICAN OPINION: "Malcolm X Bringing Up The Rear; $140 million to aid resettlement; Spend wisely and build for the future; Black Women's Beauty;

Page

64-69 THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH: "Let's Unite For Freedom

Page

70-71"What Islam Has Done For Me?" ... We Thank Allah for The Messenger; The Muslim Program: What They Want, What They Believe, (with a full-sized photo of Elijah Muhammad.)