Black Popular Music Collection
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Black Popular Music Collection

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Auburn Avenue Research Library
Title: Black Popular Music Collection
Dates: 1946-1972
Quantity: 0.5 linear ft.
Abstract:This collection contains 55 musical records (of which 11 records are of 78 medium size plates and 44 are of 44 small size plates) of black musicians. The musical recordings include a wide range of music from jazz, blues, Soul to gospel. The intention for this collection is to provide access to a wide variety of Black Popular Music, also to enrich your knowledge of black cultural experiences, expression, and representations through this musical collection. The collection has been arranged into the following series: I. Record titles, the artist, label and year of production; series II. Music category; series III. Photographs.
Identification: aarl001-003

Biographical/Historical Note

Black Popular Music is a classification of music originated from African American musicians. The music characteristics includes memorable and or simple melodic lines, easy harmonics, and straightforward rhythms, moderate tempos, catchy, symmetrical melodies, in combination with bebop structure. It may be safe to say that the majority of Black popular tunes have an Afro style about them while in other cases it may be interesting to discover some of the influences that affected the composers of such songs.

It was from these musical characteristics that gave birth to the musical genres of what is today known as Jazz which started out with a mixture of many types of music. Its roots date back to the 1880's with African origins. Jazz combines elements of African music with elements of Western European music. The birthplace of that combination, which is Jazz, is said to be New Orleans. One theory as to why New Orleans is the birthplace is contributed to the black Creole subculture. Jazz made it possible for African-American music to be imitated for the first time by white musicians. The broad emotional meaning of the genre allowed such cross-cultural development without being "watered down". From jazz grew many different elements within it. Bebop, swing, Boogie Woogie, Free jazz and Hard Bop were all examples of the experimentation the musicians of the time were making to elevate the sound; Blues-secular folk music-an expressive form of music with soulful feel of gospel blended in, from its origin in the South in the early 20 th century had become by 1960s one of the most important influence on the American musical scene. Gospel-African-American music derived from church worship services and from spiritual and blues singing. Funk-an African American musical style-emanated from African-American oral tradition, and is a rhythm driven musical genre popular in the 1970s and early 1980s. Rhythm & blues-predominantly a vocal genre was often used for dancing and very popular in the late 1940s through the early 1960s. Soul-emerged in the mid 1960s was a single prominent element of musical spontaneity combined with pervasive musical and extra musical control. Finally Rock 'n' roll-essentially a form of rhythmic zed blues, became a dominant popular style in 1955.

The history of Black popular music cannot be complete without a little investigation about its origin. The Black popular music emanates from black music history that started from Work song/Spiritual (1619)--chant and lyrics derived from everyday life of slavery, where voice was used as an instrument and set the scene for what was to come. Without the Work song, none of the musical genres that came after could have existed. The "Call and Response" form of these work songs came straight out of the Slaves' African heritage.

Today, it may be safe to say that majority of American popular music of the 1950s, based chiefly on elements of vernacular of African American music.


Scope and Content Note

This collection contains 55 musical records (of which 11 records are of 78 medium size plates and 44 are of 44 small size plates) of black musicians. The musical recordings include a wide range of music from jazz, blues, Soul to gospel. The intension for this collection is to provide access to a wide variety of Black Popular Music, also to enrich your knowledge of black cultural experiences, expression, and representations through this musical collection.


Arrangement

Series I: Record titles, the artist, label and year of production, 1946-1969

Series II: Music category.

Series III: Photographs.


Index Terms

African Americans--Music.
Blues (Music)
Funk (Music)
Gospel music.
Jazz.
Popular music.
Rhythm and blues music.
Rock music.
Soul music.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Item, series, Black Popular Music collection, Archives Division, Auburn Avenue Research Library on African American Culture and History, Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System.

Provenance

The Auburn Avenue Research Library, Archives Division purchased the Phonographs from Mr. Mike Hurtt and the Photographs from Mr. Jim Alexander, in 2002.

Processing Information

Processed by Okezie E. Amalaha. Completed in 2003


Restrictions

Restrictions on Use

This collection is available for use only on the second floor (Archives Division) of the Auburn Avenue Research Library. There are no restrictions on research use of the collection, but permission must be obtained for reproductions of materials for which the Research Library does not hold copyright to researcher only for "Fair Use" as defined in the copyright law (Title 17, United States Code). Also permission must be obtained to publish reproductions from materials for which the Research Library does hold copyright for one time use only.

Copyright Restrictions

Prior permission from the Research Library must be obtained in writing before any portion of this collection can be published or reproduced.


Container List

 

Series I: Record titles, the artist, label and year of production, 1946-1969

Box

Fldr

11Aretha Franklin, Today I Sing The Blues/ People, Columbia, 1967-1968, 45 RPM
2B.B. King, Just Like A Woman/ Eyesight To The Blind, Kent, 1966, 45 RPM
3Barbara George, I Know/ Love, AFO, 1961, 45 RPM
4Barbara Lynn, You'll Lose A Good Thing/ Lonely Heartache, Jamie, 1962, 45 RPM
5Ben E. King, Spanish Harlem/ First Taste of Love, Atco, 1960, 45 RPM
6Bill Doggett, Honky Tonk, Part 1/ Honky Tonk, Part 2, King, 1953, 45 RPM
7Billy Ward and His Dominoes, Star Dust/ Lucinda, Liberty, 1957, 45 RPM
8Bobby Bland, Turn On Your Love Light/ You're The One (That I Need), Duke, 1959, 45 RPM
9Bobby Patterson, She Don't Have To See You (To See Through You)/ How Do You Spell Love, Paula, 1972, 45 RPM
10Brenton Wood, Gimme Little Sign/ I Think You've Got Your Fools Mixed Up, Double Shot, 1967, 45 RPM
11Clarence Henry, You Always Hurt The One you Love/ Little Suzy, Argo, 1960, 45 RPM
12Don Gardner and Dee Dee Ford, I Need Your Loving/ Tell Me, Fire, 1962, 45 RPM
13Fats Domino, I'm Walkin/ I'm In The Mood For Love, Imperial, 1957, 45 RPM
14Fontella Bass, Rescue Me/ Soul Of The Man, Checker, 1965, 45 RPM
15Gladys Knight and The Pips, I Heard It Through The Grapevine/ It's Time To Go Now, Soul, 1966, 45 RPM
16Hank Ballard and The Midnighters, Finger Poppin' Time/ I Love You, I Love You So-o-o, King, 1959, 45 RPM
17Hollwood Flames, Buzz, Buzz, Buzz/ Crazy, Ebb, 1957, 45 RPM
18Inez and Charles Foxx, (1-2-3-4-5-6-7) Count The Days/ A Stranger I don't Know, Dynamo, 1969, 45 RPM
19Irma Thomas, It's Raining/ I Did My Rart, Minit, 1963, 45 RPM
20Isley Brothers, Twist and Shout/ Spanish Twist, Wand, 1962, 45 RPM
21Jackie Wilson, Lonely Teardrops/ In The Blue Of Evening, Brunswick, 1959, 45 RPM
22James Brown and The Famous Flames, Get It Together, Part 1/ Get It Together, Part 2, King, 1964, 45 RPM
23James Carr, You've Got My Mind messed Up/ That's What I Want to Know, Goldwax, 1966, 45 RPM
24Jassie Hill, Whip It On Me/ I Need Your Love, Minit, 1960, 45 RPM
25Jimmy Hughes, The Loving Physician/ You Really Know How, Fame, 1961, 45 RPM
26Jimmy Smith, Midnight Special, Part 1/ Midnight Special, Part 2, Blue Note, 1963, 45 RPM
27Johnny Nash, Somewhere/ Big City, Joda, 1966, 45 RPM
28Junior Parker, Walking the Floor Over You/ Goodbye Little Girl, Duke, 1961, 45 RPM
29Larry Williams, Hootchy-Koo/ The Dummy, Specialty, 1957, 45 RPM
30Little Milton, Ain't No Big Deal On You/ Who's Cheating Who?, Checker, 1963, 45 RPM
31Little Willie John, Big Blue Diamonds/ Doll Face, King, 1961-1964, 45 RPM
32Lloyd Glenn, After Hours, Part 1/ After Hours, Part 2, Aladdin, 1956, 45 RPM
33Lloyd Price, Bad Conditions/ The Truth, Turntable, 1969, 45 RPM
34Mable John, Your Good Thing (Is About to End)/ It's Catching, Stax, 1968, 45 RPM
35Martha & The Vandellas, Dancing in the Street/ There He is (At My Door), Gordy, 1964, 45 RPM
36Percy Mayfield, River's Invitation/ Baby Please, Tangerine, 1962-1967, 45 RPM
37Solid Gold Soul Volume 1, Atlantic, 1966, 45 RPM
38Solomon Burke, Keep a Light in the Window Till I Come Home/ Time Is a Thief, Atlantic, 1968, 45 RPM
39The Coasters, Run Red Run/ What About Us, Atco, 1959, 45 RPM
40The Impressions, It's All Over/ We're a Winner, ABC Paramount, 1964, 45 RPM
41The Marvelettes, Danger, Heartbreak Dead Ahead/ Your Cheating Ways, Tamla, 1965, 45 RPM
42Tyrone Davis, A Woman Needs To Be Loved/ Can I Change My Mind, Dakar, 1968, 45 RPM
43Wallace Brothers, Love Me Like I Love You/ Lover's Prayer, Sims, 1963-1967, 45 RPM
44Z.Z. Hill, No More Doggin'/ The Kind of Love I Want, Kent, 1965, 45 RPM

Box

Fldr

21Blue Lu Barker, Leave My Man Alone/ Here's a Little Girl from Jacksonville, Capitol, 1948-1950
2Chuck Willis, Don't Deceive Me/ I've Been Treated Wrong Too Long, Okeh, 1953
3Fats Domino, You Can Pack Your Suitcase/ I Lived My Life, Imperial, 1954
4Gene Allison, You Can Make It If You Try/ Hey, Hey I Love You, Vee-Jay, 1957
5Ivory Joe Hunter, Since I Met You Baby/ You Can't Stop This Rocking & Rolling, Atlantic, 1955
6Joe Liggins, The Honeydripper/ I've Got A Right to Cry 6, Specialty, 1949
7Johnny Moore's Three Blazers, New Orleans Blues/ I Surrender Dear, Exclusive, 1946-1948
8Little Willie John, Need Your Love So Bad/ Home At Last, King, 1956
9The Charms, Hearts of Stone/ Who Knows, DeLuxe, 1954
10Titus Turner, The Same Old Feeling/ Don't Take Everybody To Be Your Friend, Okeh, 1952
11Paul Williams, The Huckle-Buck/ Hoppin' John, Savoy, 1948-1957
 

Series II: Music Category

The music collection comprises of Blues, Funk, Gospel, Jazz, Rhythm & Blues, Soul, and Rock 'n' Roll.
 

Series III: Photographs

This category is the photographs of the musicians, arranged alphabetically by name. Following the name of each individual musician is the image size of the photographs, majority of them are 9 x 12" (very few 8 x 12") and in Black & White with few in colored medium, the paper size remains 11 x 14" and mat/frame size remains 16 x 20".

Drawer

Fldr

441Al Green, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

432BB King, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"
433Chuck Berry, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

424Curtis Mayfield, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

435Donny Hathaway, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

446Ella Fitzgerald, B&W, 7x9" (image size), 8x10" (paper size), frame size: 16x20"
447Jacksons, B&W, 8x10" (image size), 8x10" (paper size), frame size: 16x20"
448Little Stevie Wonder, B&W, 8x10" (image size), 8x10" (paper size), frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

429Nancy Wilson, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"
4210Sammy Davis, Jr., B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"
4211Ojays, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"
4212The Drifters, B&W, 8x10" (image size), 8x10" (paper size), frame size: 16x20"
4213The Five Satins, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

4414The Shirrells, B&W, 8x10" (image size), 8x10" (paper size), frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

4215Ray Charles, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"

Drawer

Fldr

4316Staple Singers, B&W, image size: 9x12", paper size: 11x14", frame size: 16x20"